Centos7 系统优化

Centos 7 内核优化

禁用SELINUX

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# grep -i ^selinux /etc/selinux/config
SELINUX=enforcing
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

修改最大进程数和最大文件打开数

ulimit -n-u可以查看Linux的最大进程数和最大文件打开数

在文件最末尾添加

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cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf << EOF
\* soft nofile 1024000
\* hard nofile 1024000
\* soft nproc 1024000
\* hard nproc 1024000
EOF

说明:
* 代表针对所有用户
noproc 是代表最大进程数
nofile 是代表最大文件打开数

还需要修改/etc/security/limits.d下面的conf文件(会覆盖前面的配置信息),我的是20-nproc.conf

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cat /etc/security/limits.d/20-nproc.conf
# Default limit for number of user's processes to prevent
# accidental fork bombs.
# See rhbz #432903 for reasoning.

\* soft nproc 4096
root soft nproc unlimited

修改为:

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cat /etc/security/limits.d/20-nproc.conf
# Default limit for number of user's processes to prevent
# accidental fork bombs.
# See rhbz #432903 for reasoning.

\* soft nproc 1024000
\* hard nproc 1024000

内核优化

vi /etc/sysctl.d/99.sysctl.conf

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#关闭ipv6
net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1

# 避免放大攻击
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1

# 开启恶意icmp错误消息保护
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1

#关闭路由转发
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0

#开启反向路径过滤
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1

#处理无源路由的包
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0

#关闭sysrq功能
kernel.sysrq = 0

#core文件名中添加pid作为扩展名
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1

# 开启SYN洪水攻击保护
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

#修改消息队列长度
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536

#设置最大内存共享段大小bytes
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 4294967296

#timewait的数量,默认180000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 6000
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216

#每个网络接口接收数据包的速率比内核处理这些包的速率快时,允许送到队列的数据包的最大数目
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144

#限制仅仅是为了防止简单的DoS 攻击
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800

#未收到客户端确认信息的连接请求的最大值
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0

#内核放弃建立连接之前发送SYNACK 包的数量
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1

#内核放弃建立连接之前发送SYN 包的数量
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2

#启用timewait 快速回收
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1

#开启重用。允许将TIME-WAIT sockets 重新用于新的TCP 连接
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000

net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1

#当keepalive 起用的时候,TCP 发送keepalive 消息的频度。缺省是2 小时

net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 30

#允许系统打开的端口范围
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

#修改防火墙表大小,默认65536
#net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max=655350
#net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_established=1200

# 确保无人能修改路由表
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0

net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0

net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 0

net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 0

vm.max_map_count=655360
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